The list of archeological and historical claims of the Book of Mormon compared to non-apologetic evidence
Welcome to Evidences of Mormon. This site provides you with an overview of what the Book of Mormon claims from an archeological or historic viewpoint, and compares it to non-apologetic (apologetic meaning "speak to defend") scientific and historical resources. The purpose of this site is to provide you with a more complete overview of what is claimed by the book and not just the anachronisms. My goal is to provide you with a neutral viewpoint on what possible evidences there may be of these claims so that you can come to your own conclusions instead of relying on the information presented by critics and apologists. I also recommend that you don't take my word for it either, but do some of your own homework.
You should read the introduction at least once (if you haven't already) so that you are aware of the legend and color codes used below and how the rating system works.
This site is still in its infancy. It's not even in beta mode yet. This list is still being actively researched.
|A note about evidences||Show|
Table of contents
The list of claims in the Book of Mormon
The group from Asia: The Jaredites (at the time of the tower of Babel)
The Jaredites are the first chronological group of people in the Book of Mormon, though their journey is recorded near the end of the book in the book of Ether. They are discovered in the lands north of the descendants of Lehi, which is the group that most of the Book of Mormon records. Mormon scholars have believed this group to have come "from some center of population in Asia" since at least 1927.
The Book of Mormon claims the existence of bees
|Invalid|Bees in the Americas
The Book of Mormon does not contain a claim that bees were found in the Americas.
The Book of Mormon claims that people used tents in the ancient Near East and Americas.
The group from Jerusalem: The start of the journey of Lehi (estimated about 600 BC)
The family of Lehi is the group that is covered from the beginning of the Book of Mormon. According to the Book of Mormon, Lehi is a descendant of Joseph who was sold into Egypt.
Middle Eastern DNA in the American Indian population:
The Book of Mormon claims that the family of Lehi dwelt in Jerusalem and descended from Joseph of Egypt. This family then makes their way to the Western Hemisphere. This should indicate some genetics from West Asia or mid-Eurasia should be found in the native population of the Western Hemisphere.
|Strong plausibility|DNA from the Middle East in American Indian population
As of November 2013, both National Geographic and Smithsonian magazine are reporting on a DNA finding in Siberia reported by Nature. Two genome structures contain markers that are specifically unique to Native Americans. Both of them also bear markers that derive from the Middle East and Western Eurasia with no close affinity to east Asians. It estimates that 14 to 38% of Native American ancestry may originate through this gene flow. According to our current understanding of mtDNA dating, this genome was already present in the native population at the time the Book of Mormon claims and Lehi's DNA would have blended indistinguishably with this genome.
The valley of Lemuel and river of Laman:
The Book of Mormon claims that a valley can be found between 2 to 3 days from the northern-most shore of the Red Sea. The book specifically claims that the valley is close to the shore of the Red Sea, and that a river which runs through it empties directly into the sea. In the book the father of the family builds an altar at this location.
The brass plates:
The Book of Mormon claims that a record was kept on brass plates prior to the invasion and captivity of Babylon
The Book of Mormon claims the existence of steel in or around Jerusalem before the invasion and captivity of Babylon
The Book of Mormon claims that there was a ball that directed the family of Lehi. The term 'a compass' is used to describe the ball.
A place called Nahom:
The Book of Mormon claims that the family of Lehi stopped at a location that was named Nahom. According to the book this is the location where a member of the group is buried after he passes away during their travel. The family travels eastward from this point for the remainder of their journey in the Arabian Peninsula.
Arrival in the New World
The cow and the ox:
The Book of Mormon claims that the cow and the ox were found in the Americas
The Book of Mormon claims that horses were found on the American continent after the arrival of at least two groups of people
|Possible|Horses in the Western Hemisphere before Columbus
Horse bones have been unearthed in California that have a radiocarbon date between 1625 and 1705. At 1705 the closest Spanish mission was over 550 miles away. The remains also lack tell-tale signs of Spanish ownership. Additional remains have also been discovered in Wyoming that date between 1400 AD and 1633 AD.
The expansion of the government: The reign of the judges (estimated about 100 BC)
The Book of Mormon claims the word silk to identify a type of clothing owned by the inhabitants of the pre-Columbian Americas.
|Confirmed|מֶשִׁי (meshi) in the Pre-Columbian era
מֶשִׁי translates from Hebrew to English as 'silk
' twice in the Old Testament. It most accurately means 'a costly garment material
.' Its shortened translation is almost always seen as the word silk.
|Confirmed|שֵׁשׁ (shesh) in the Pre-Columbian era
שֵׁשׁ translates from Hebrew to English as 'silk
' once in the Old Testament. It most accurately means 'fine twined weave
' and can represent any textile that is finely woven; but is almost always linen. As a stand alone word it means 'six,' but can also be used for 'blue' or 'marble' depending on its context.
The Book of Mormon claims that cement was becoming a common building material in an area of the Americas just before the beginning of the Common Era.